St. Wenceslas (Svatý Václav) was a Czech King propagating Christianity the 10th century. He was murdered by the mercenaries sent by his brother Boleslav. St. Wenceslas represents national Czech continuity and nationhood and he is celebrated every year on the 27th September.
A horse-riding statue of St. Wenceslas is located in the upper side of the Wenceslas Square. In front of St. Wenceslas are two plaques in memory of those killed during the communist era. One is dedicated to Jan Palach, who set himself on fire in protest at the Soviet invasion.
The St. Wenceslas statue is a favourite meeting place for Prague citizens.